Posts Tagged ‘heat pipe’
Ahead of Print: Thermal Damage Assessment of Novel Bipolar Forceps in a Sheep Model of Spinal Surgery
Elliott-Lewis, Ebonia W. MS, BSEE; Jolette, Jacquelin DVM, MSc, DACVP; Ramos, Jandira MPH; Benzel, Edward C. MD
BACKGROUND: Heat transfer from bipolar tips to adjacent tissue presents a risk of thermal injury during spine surgery.
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to determine wither bipolar forceps using a novel heat pipe thermal regulation technology resulted in decreased collateral thermal injury of adjacent tissue compared with traditional bipolar forceps (control).
METHODS: Eight sheep underwent multilevel laminectomy and controlled bipolar coagulation of the dorsal spinal dura mater at multiple levels using forceps with or without heat pipe technology (24 spinal segments tested; heat pipe, n = 11; non-heat pipe, n = 11; sham, n = 2). The severity (range, 1-5) and size of thermal injury to the spinal cord resulting from forceps with vs without heat pipe were assessed via histological analysis at 8 days postoperatively.
Elliott-Lewis, Ebonia W. MS, BSEE; Benzel, Edward C. MD
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this work was to determine whether bipolar forceps using a novel heat pipe thermal regulation technology result in decreased thermal damage of untargeted collateral tissue compared with traditional bipolar forceps.
METHODS: Fresh ex vivo bovine livers underwent controlled coagulation with forceps with (n = 36) or without (n = 36) heat pipe technology. Liver specimens were assessed regarding the extent of thermal injury (heat pipe, n = 20; non-heat pipe, n = 20). During coagulation, tissue temperatures were measured via thermocouple array thermometry and imaged via infrared camera thermography (heat pipe, n = 16; non-heat pipe, n = 16).
RESULTS: Forceps using heat pipe technology were associated with less thermal spread and demonstrated mean tissue temperatures 25% lower than observed with non-heat pipe forceps. The mean width, area, and depth of thermal injury were significantly reduced with heat pipe vs traditional forceps.
CONCLUSION: In an ex vivo study of bovine liver bipolar coagulation, forceps that incorporated heat pipe technology limited thermal spread and reduced the extent of unintended injury to untargeted collateral tissue.