Posts Tagged ‘neurosurgery’
Background: A virtual reality (VR) neurosurgical simulator with haptic feedback may provide the best model for training and perfecting surgical techniques for transsphenoidal approaches to the sella turcica and cranial base. Currently there are 2 commercially available simulators: NeuroTouch (Cranio and Endo) developed by the National Research Council of Canada in collaboration with surgeons at teaching hospitals in Canada, and the Immersive Touch. Work in progress on other simulators at additional institutions is currently unpublished.
Objective: This article describes a newly developed application of the NeuroTouch simulator that facilitates the performance and assessment of technical skills for endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgical procedures as well as plans for collecting metrics during its early use.
Methods: The main components of the NeuroTouch-Endo VR neurosurgical simulator are a stereovision system, bimanual haptic tool manipulators, and high-end computers. The software engine continues to evolve, allowing additional surgical tasks to be performed in the VR environment. Device utility for efficient practice and performance metrics continue to be developed by its originators in collaboration with neurosurgeons at several teaching hospitals in the United States. Training tasks are being developed for teaching 1- and 2-nostril endonasal transsphenoidal approaches. Practice sessions benefit from anatomic labeling of normal structures along the surgical approach and inclusion (for avoidance) of critical structures, such as the internal carotid arteries and optic nerves.
Objective: To report on and assess the utility of a simulation physical model for the presigmoid approach.
Methods: The Congress of Neurological Surgeons created a Simulation Committee to explore and develop simulation-based models. The current model involves drilling of the presigmoid cranial base under image guidance. Each time the drill touches the dura, facial nerve, or sigmoid sinus, a beeping and a warning sound are emitted.
Background: Through previous efforts we have developed a fully virtual environment to provide procedural training of otologic surgical technique. The virtual environment is based on high-resolution volumetric data of the regional anatomy. These volumetric data help drive an interactive multisensory, ie, visual (stereo), aural (stereo), and tactile, simulation environment. Subsequently, we have extended our efforts to support the training of neurosurgical procedural technique as part of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons simulation initiative.
Objective: To deliberately study the integration of simulation technologies into the neurosurgical curriculum and to determine their efficacy in teaching minimally invasive cranial and skull base approaches.
Methods: We discuss issues of biofidelity and our methods to provide objective, quantitative and automated assessment for the residents.
Background: Simulation is an increasingly useful means of teaching in the era of duty hour restrictions. Since the completion of our diagnostic cerebral angiography simulator curriculum pilot program, we have performed this resident course at 2 Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) annual meetings with larger participant numbers.
Objective: To report the ongoing results of these courses.
Methods: A 120-minute simulator-based training course was performed at 2 CNS annual meetings. Precourse written and simulator skills assessments were performed, followed by instructor-guided training on an endovascular simulator. Postcourse written and simulator practical assessments were then performed and compared with precourse scores.
Background: The effort required to introduce simulation in neurosurgery academic programs and the benefits perceived by residents have not been systematically assessed.
Objective: To create a neurosurgery simulation curriculum encompassing basic and advanced skills, cadaveric dissection, cranial and spine surgery simulation, and endovascular and computerized haptic training.
Methods: A curriculum with 68 core exercises per academic year was distributed in individualized sets of 30 simulations to 6 neurosurgery residents. The total number of procedures completed during the academic year was set to 180. The curriculum includes 79 simulations with physical models, 57 cadaver dissections, and 44 haptic/computerized sessions. Likert-type evaluations regarding self-perceived performance were completed after each exercise. Subject identification was blinded to junior (postgraduate years 1-3) or senior resident (postgraduate years 4-6). Wilcoxon rank testing was used to detect differences within and between groups.