Ahead of Print: Bypass Trapping in Blood-Blister Aneurysm

Changing_Treatment_Strategy_From_Clipping_toBackground: Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) are aneurysms with ill-defined fragile necks arising from an internal carotid artery (ICA) and associated with high mortality.

Objective: To describe strategies and outcomes in patients in whom radial artery (RA) graft bypass with ICA sacrifice was considered as the primary treatment during the acute phase of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).

Methods: The authors analyzed the clinical records of 20 patients who were treated between 2004 and 2011 at their hospital and affiliate institutions.

Results: A majority of the patients were treated during the acute phase (<24 h, n = 15). A favorable outcome was achieved in 18 (90 %) patients. The treatment strategies employed were as follows: 1) ICA trapping/external carotid (EC)-RA-middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass (n = 13), 2) ICA trapping/superficial temporal artery-MCA bypass (n = 2), 3) aneurysm clipping with RA-MCA temporary bypass (n = 3), 3) aneurysm clipping with proximal ICA ligation and EC-RA-MCA bypass (n = 1), and 4) direct clipping (n = 1). Postoperative infarction was observed in 6 patients and was ascribed to vasospasm (n = 1), retrograde thrombosis associated with trapping (n = 2), and reasons unrelated to the surgical procedures (n = 3).

Conclusion: Trapping with RA graft bypass demonstrated favorable results in patients with internal carotid BBAs. While trapping/RA graft bypass is a definitive treatment for BBAs located proximal to the origin of the posterior communicating (Pcom) artery, some distal BBAs preclude ICA trapping to spare the perforating arteries.

From: Changing Treatment Strategy From Clipping to Radial Artery Graft Bypass and Parent Artery Sacrifice in Patients With Ruptured Blister-Like Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysms by Kazumata et al.

Full article access for Neurosurgery subscribers at Neurosurgery-Online.com.