Medical and surgical graduate medical education has historically used a halstedian approach of “see one, do one, teach one.” Increased public demand for safety, quality, and accountability in the setting of regulated resident work hours and limited resources is driving the development of innovative educational tools. The use of simulation in nonmedical, medical, and neurosurgical disciplines is reviewed in this article. Simulation has been validated as an educational tool in nonmedical fields such as aviation and the military. Across most medical and surgical subspecialties, simulation is recognized as a valuable tool that will shape the next era of medical education, postgraduate training, and maintenance of certification.
From: History of Simulation in Medicine: From Resusci Annie to the Ann Myers Medical Center by Singh et al.