Free Article with CME: Revascularization and Aneurysm Surgery

Screen Shot 2014-04-28 at 7.38.33 AMBackground: Given advances in endovascular technique, the indications for revascularization in aneurysm surgery have declined.

Objective: We sought to define indications, outline technical strategies, and evaluate the outcomes of patients treated with bypass in the endovascular era.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all aneurysms treated between September 2006 and February 2013.

Results: We identified 54 consecutive patients (16 males and 39 females) with 56 aneurysms. Aneurysms were located along the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) (n = 1), petrous/cavernous ICA (n = 1), cavernous ICA (n = 16), supraclinoid ICA (n = 7), posterior communicating artery (n = 2), anterior cerebral artery (n = 4), middle cerebral artery (MCA) (n = 13), posterior cerebral artery (PCA) (n = 3), posterior inferior cerebellar artery (n = 4), and vertebrobasilar arteries (n = 5). Revascularization was performed with superficial temporal artery (STA) to MCA bypass (n = 25), STA to superior cerebellar artery (SCA) (n = 3), STA to PCA (n = 1), STA-SCA/STA-PCA (n = 1), occipital artery (OA) to PCA (n = 2), external carotid artery/ICA to MCA (n = 15), OA to MCA (n = 1), OA to posterior inferior cerebellar artery (n = 1), and in situ bypasses (n = 8). At a mean clinical follow-up of 18.5 months, 45 patients (81.8%) had a good outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale 4 or 5). There were 7 cases of mortality (12.7%) and an additional 9 cases of morbidity (15.8%). At a mean angiographic follow-up of 17.8 months, 14 bypasses were occluded. Excluding the 7 cases of mortality, the majority of aneurysms (n = 42) were obliterated. We identified 7 cases of residual aneurysm and recurrence in 6 patients at follow-up.

Conclusion: Given current limitations with existing treatments, cerebral revascularization remains an essential technique for aneurysm surgery.

From: Revascularization and Aneurysm Surgery: Techniques, Indications, and Outcomes in the Endovascular Era by Kalani et al.

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