OBJECTIVE: To identify image-based morphological parameters that correlated with the presence of MCA aneurysms.
METHODS: Image-based anatomic parameters obtained from 110 patients with and without MCA bifurcation aneurysms were evaluated with Slicer, an open-source image analysis software, to generate 3-dimensional models of the aneurysms and surrounding vascular architecture. We examined segment lengths, diameters, and vessel-to-vessel angles of the parent and daughter vessels at the MCA bifurcation. In order to reduce confounding by genetic and clinical risk factors, 2 control groups were selected: group A (the unaffected contralateral side of patients with unilateral MCA bifurcation aneurysms) and group B (patients without intracranial aneurysms or other vascular malformations). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine statistical significance.
RESULTS: One hundred ten patients who were evaluated from 2007 to 2014 were analyzed (73 patients with MCA aneurysms and 37 control patients). Multivariate analysis revealed that a smaller parent artery diameter (group A: odds ratio [OR] 0.20, P < .01, group B: OR 0.23, P < .01) and a larger daughter-to-daughter branch angle (group A: OR 1.01, P = .04, group B: OR 1.02, P = .04) were most strongly associated with MCA aneurysm presence after adjusting for other morphological factors.
CONCLUSION: Smaller parent artery diameter and larger daughter-to-daughter branch angles are associated with the presence of MCA bifurcation aneurysms. These easily measurable parameters may provide objective metrics to assess aneurysm formation and growth risk stratification in high-risk patients.
From: Morphological Parameters Associated With Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms by Can et al.
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