Ahead of Print: Microsurgical Treatment of Blister-Like Aneurysms of the Basilar Artery

Screen Shot 2015-08-11 at 6.13.37 PMBACKGROUND: Blister-like aneurysms (BLAs) are challenging lesions that require unique microsurgical strategies. BLAs are predominantly found along the internal carotid artery; however, BLAs of the basilar artery are a rare subset that requires a modified treatment strategy.

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the microsurgical management and review the long-term outcomes of patients with BLAs of the basilar artery.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the surgical technique, postoperative results, and long-term outcomes of all patients with basilar artery BLAs treated at our institution from 2005 to 2011.

RESULTS: Four patients with basilar artery BLAs were identified over this 6-year interval. All 4 patients were treated by direct microsurgical clipping. A thin layer of cotton reinforcement was used beneath the clip tines to minimize the risk of clip slippage in 2 of 4 patients; 1 patient required adjunctive endovascular stent placement for residual aneurysm after clipping. Complete obliteration of all aneurysms was achieved, and there has been no recurrence at mean clinical follow-up of 72 months (median, 74.5; range, 37-103) and imaging follow-up of 48 months (median, 54; range 12-72).

CONCLUSION: Direct clipping with or without cotton reinforcement can obliterate basilar BLAs with excellent long-term outcomes. Clip wrapping is not an option for these lesions given the proximity to perforating branches. Endovascular techniques provide a useful adjunctive strategy; however, risks for antiplatelet therapy in the acute subarachnoid hemorrhage period must be considered.

From: Long-term Patient Outcomes After Microsurgical Treatment of Blister-Like Aneurysms of the Basilar Artery by Mooney et al.

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